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新概念英语第二册第二十四课If could be worse

[日期:2017-10-30] [字体: ]

Lesson 24
If could be worse 
不幸中之万幸
First listen and then answer the question.
听录音,然后回答以下问题.
Had the writer's money been stolen?
I entered the hotel manager's office and sat down. I had just lost $50 and I felt very upset. 'I left the money in my room,' I said, 'and it's not there now.' The manager was sympathetic, but he could do nothing. 'Everyone's losing money these days,' he said. He started to complain about this wicked world but was interrupted by a knock at the door. A girl came in and put an envelope on his desk. It contained $50. 'I found this outside this gentleman's room,' she said. 'Well,' I said to the manager, 'there is still some honesty in this world!'

参考译文
我走进饭店经理的办公室,坐了下来.我刚刚丢了50英镑,感到非常烦恼.“我把钱放在房间里,”我说,“可现在没有了.”经理深表同情,但却无能为力.“现在大家都在丢钱,”他说.他开始抱怨起这个邪恶的世道来,却被一阵敲门声打断了.一个姑娘走了进来,把一个信封放在了他桌上.它里面装着50英镑.“这是我在这位先生的房门外捡到的,”她说.“是啊,”我对那位经理说,“这世界上还是有诚实可言的!”

New words and expressions 【生词和短语】
manager n. 经理
upset adj. 不安
sympathetic adj. 表示同情的
complain v. 抱怨
wicked adj. 很坏的,邪恶的
contain v. 包含,内装
honesty n. 诚实

【知识点讲解】

enter  v. 进入

enter for 参加

take part in 参加

join in 参加

entrance  n. 入口

entrance to …的入口

entrance to the building 这栋大楼的入口

lose---lost---lost 遗失,失落,丧失

eg. I’ve lost my keys. 我把钥匙弄丢了。

eg. I’ve lost 50.

eg. She lost her husband in the crowd. 她和丈夫在人群中走散了。

lose all one’s money at cards 玩牌把钱输光了

lose one’s job 失业

(be out of work)

lose temper 发脾气

lose labor 白费力气

lost  adj. 失却的,丢了的

recall one’s lost youth 回忆某人失去的青春

eg. My wallet is lost. 我的钱包丢了。

/ My wallet is missing.

loss  n. 损失

loss of blood 失血

loss of health 失去健康

loss of money 丢失钱财

suffer a loss 遭受损失

suffer a great loss 遭受巨大损失

/suffer a heavy loss

be at a loss 不知所措,困惑

eg. She was at a loss for an answer. 她不知怎样回答。

be a dead loss 毫无价值

cut one’s losses 趁早脱手

loss leader 招揽客人的特价品,亏本抛卖的商品

leave sth somewhere 留在

eg. I left my homework at home. 我把作业落在家里了。

eg. I left my keys at my office. 我把钥匙落在办公室了。

but he could do nothing. 他无能为力

/but he couldn’t do anything.

Everyone’s losing money these days, he said.

用进行时表示不断重复的动作

eg. You are always complaining. 你总是在抱怨。

eg. He is always telling lies. 他总是说谎。

start to do/ start doing

started to complain

/started complaining

complain to sb about 抱怨

eg. He is always complaining to me about his fate. 他总是对我抱怨他的命运。

well

1) adv 好地  ←→ badly

eg. He did his job pretty well. 他干工作相当不错。

2) adv. 适当地,妥善地

eg. Do you think this color goes well with that one?

   你认为这种颜色跟那种颜色搭配吗?

3) adv. 充分地,彻底地

eg. Cook this fish well before you eat. 在吃饭前把这条鱼做好。

eg. She doesn’t know him very well. 她不十分了解他。

4) 相关短语

be well off 经济宽裕

eg. His family is not very well off.  他家不大富裕。

as well 

eg. He sent me a letter and some money as well. 他寄给我一封信还有一些钱。

be well up in sth 精通

might as well do as do 与其不如

eg. You might as well throw money away as spend it in gambling. 与其赌博不如把钱扔掉算了。

eg. Well done! 做得好!

5) adj.

eg. How are you?

   I am quite well, thank you.

6) adj. 健康的,健全的,安好的←→ill, sick

eg. All is well that ends well. 结局好,一切都好。 (谚)

7) n. 水井,泉水

an oil well 油井

eg. An encyclopedia [en,saikləu'pi:djə] is a well of knowledge.

   百科全书是知识的源泉。

8) 语气词

eg. Well, that’s true. 是啊,那是真的。

eg. Well, it’s time to leave. 噢,该走了。

eg. Well, here we are. 哎呀,总算到了。

eg. He passed the exam. 他通过考试了。

   Well, well! 真好,真好! (表示感叹)

still

1) adv. 仍旧,仍然

eg. Do you still want them? 你还想要吗?

2) adj. 静止的,不动的

eg. Still water runs deep. 静水流深。(谚)

eg. Stand still. 站着别动。

eg. Lie still. 躺着别动。

Special difficulties

1)   What…,  How…

---What + 冠词+ adj. + n. + 主语 + 谓语动词,包括联系动词在内

---How + adj. + 冠词+ n. + 主语 + 谓语动词

表示惊奇,愤怒,赞赏,喜悦等感情

eg. What a wonderful garden it is!

 /What a wonderful garden!

eg. How wonderful a garden it is!

2) 直接宾语与间接宾语

buy sb sth / buy sth for sb

give sb sth / give sth to sb

hand sb sth / hand sth to sb

这类动词后加双宾语,sth为直接宾语,sb为间接宾语,对含有双宾语的动词通常有两种表达方式,取决于直接宾语和间接宾语的位置。

3) not any + n. no + n.

eg. There isn’t any tea in the pot.

eg. There is no tea in the pot.

4) 名词所有格

有的直接打, 有的加 s

5) 相近词或词组的辨析

receive----take

be made of----be made from

look for----find

grow up----grow

there is----it is

expect----apart from

excited----exciting

remind----remember

put on----put out

take off----cut off

knock off----knock over

on the way----in the way

borrow----lend

6) 介词、副词的运用

up, off, over, back, on, away, in

Exercise A

1) I received a letter from him yesterday.

  took / received

2) On the way from Athens to London, the plane stopped at Rome.

  In the / On the

eg. Rome was not built in a day. 伟业非一日所成。

eg. When in Rome, do as Romans do. 入乡随俗。

3) Is your watch made of gold?

of / from

4) Can you lend me 5?

borrow/ lend

5) He is such a(n) irritable person.

He is always bad- tempered

  irritable / nervous

6) When I grow up, I shall be a pilot.

grow / grow up

7) It’s a very exciting film.

It’s / Its,  excited / exciting

8) He does not understand English.

realize / understand

9) Father bought a new suit yesterday.

suit / costume

10) Please pay attention to the blackboard.

look after / pay attention to

Exercise B

1) It is a tall building.

  What a tall building!

2)You are a clever girl.

What a clever girl you are!

Exercise C

1) She promised a reward to the finder.

  She promised the finder a reward.

2) Bring that book to me, please.

  Bring me that book, please.

3) I’ve ordered some soup for you.

  I’ve ordered you some soup.

Exercise D

1) Have you any money?

  No, I haven’t any money.

  No, I have no money.

2) Did you go anywhere in the holidays.

  No, I didn’t go anywhere in the holidays.

No, I went nowhere in the holidays.

Exercise E

1) Whose umbrella is this?   / George

  It’s George’s.

2) Whose are these uniforms?  / The soldiers

  They are soldiers’ .

3) Whose poetry do you like best?  / Keats

  I like Keats’ poetry best.

Exercise F

up, off, over, back, on, away填空:

1) He usually knocks off at six o’clock, but today he’s working late.

2) I’m going out now, but I’ll be be back in half an hour.

3) I gave up smoking last year, but I have just started again.

4) The concert was over and everybody left the hall.

5) A new play is on at the phoenix.

phoenix  ['fi:nɪks] n. 凤凰,长生鸟(神话中的鸟, 在阿拉伯沙漠中, 可活数百年, 然后自焚为灰而再生)

6) I’ve given away all my old furniture.

Exercise G 改变动宾结构的顺序

1) I put on my hat.  I put my hat on.

2) I took off my coat.  I took my coat off.

3) He put out the fire.  He put the fire out.

4) They cut off the King’s head.  They cut the King’s head off.

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