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新概念英语第二册第十八课He often does this

[日期:2017-07-17] [字体: ]

【课文】

  First listen and then answer the question.

  听录音,然后回答以下问题。

  What had happened to the writer's bag?

  After I had had lunch at a village pub, I looked for my bag. I had left it on a chair beside the door and now it wasn't there! As I was looking for it, the landlord came in.

  'Did you have a good meal?' he asked

  'Yes, thank you,' I answered, 'but I can't pay the bill. I haven't got my bag.'

  The landlord smiled and immediately went out. In a few minutes he returned with my bag and gave it back to me.

  'I'm very sorry,' he said. 'My dog had taken it into the garden. He often does this!'

  【课文翻译】

  我在一家乡村小酒店吃过午饭后,就找我的提包。我曾把它放在门边的椅子上,可这会儿不见了!当我正在寻找时,酒店老板走了过来。

  “您吃的好吗?”他问。

  “很好,谢谢。”我回答,“但我付不了帐,我的提包没有了。”

  酒店老板笑了笑,马上走了出去。一会儿工夫他拿着我的提包回来了,把它还给了我。

  “实在抱歉,”他说,“我的狗把它弄到花园里去了,他经常干这种事!”

  【生词和短语】

  pub n. 小酒店

  landlord n. 店主

  bill n. 账单

【知识点讲解】

  1 leave

  leave的意思很丰富。

  ①离开(某人或某地)

  短语扩展:leave some place (离开某地), leave for some place (离开到某地)

  例句:We will leave for Beijing next week.

  我们下周要去北京。

  ②不在居住于(某处);不再属于(某组织或团体)

  例句:Emma left the company several days ago.

  艾玛几天前从公司离职了。

  ③遗留;遗忘

  短语扩展:leave sth. for sb. /leave sth to sb.

  例句:He left his book on the desk.

  他把书留在桌上了。 /他把书忘在桌上了。

  ④听任其在某处;使保持某状态

  例句:Leave him alone.

  让他一个人呆着吧。

  leave短语扩展:leave sb. /sth. behind 忘记/丢下某人或某物

  leave off 停止

  leave还可作名词,表示请假,假期

  例句:I want to ask for three days' leave.

  我想请三天假。.

  2 As I was looking for it, the landlord came in.

  当我正在寻找时,酒店老板走了过来。

  在这个句子里,as充当连词,引导时间状语从句,作“当……的时候”解,有“随着……”之意,与while意义相近,强调两个动作同时发生;或某事一发生,另一事立即发生。

  例句:The band members dance as they sing on the stage.

  组合成员们在舞台上边唱边跳。

  3 bill [名词]账单

  电话账单 phone bill 煤气账单 gas bill 水费账单 water bill

  例句:Please pay the gas bill before the end of this month.

  请在本月末前把煤气费交了。

  bill也可表示目录;清单;节目单或单据;汇票,还可表示法案。在美式英语中bill也表示纸币。

  4 landlord [名词]店主,老板

  也可表示房东,主人,相应地女房东,女老板,老板娘就是landlady了。

  5 My dog had taken it into the garden.

  这个句子里had+done的结构是过去完成时的用法,我们在前几课的课文讲解里有提到过,大家可以再仔细回顾看看。

  今天我们要讲的是过去完成时的使用场景。

  ①宾语从句中(尤其是间接引语中)

  例句:He told me that he had finished college study.

  他告诉我说他已经完成了大学学业。

  I was told that iphone4 had been sold out.

  我被告知iphone4已卖完了。

  ②用在状语从句中

  例句:I went home as soon as the concert had ended.

  演唱会一结束我就回家了。

  ③用在定语从句中

  例句:He showed me a picture which he had taken last year.

  他给我看了去年拍的照片。

  ④用于hope、intend、think等动词表示未实现的愿望。

  例句:I had intended to watch this film but I didn't have time.

  本打算去看电影,但因为没时间没去。

  ⑤和time这个词一起用

  It was the first time that I had been visited here.

  这是我第一次来这儿玩。

  ⑥用于as引导的从句中

  例句:We didn't go to Japan as they had told.

  我们没听他的话去日本。

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