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新概念英语第二册第十四课Do you speak English?

[日期:2017-07-17] [字体: ]

【课文】

  First listen and then answer the question.

  听录音,然后回答以下问题。

  Did the young man speak English?

  I had an amusing experience last year. After I had left a small village in the south of France, I drove on to the next town. On the way, a young man waved to me. I stopped and he asked me for a lift. As soon as he had got into the car, I said good morning to him in French and he replied in the same language. Apart from a few words, I do not know any French at all. Neither of us spoke during the journey. I had nearly reached the town, when the young man suddenly said, very slowly, 'Do you speak English?' As I soon learnt, he was English himself!

  【课文翻译】

  去年我有过一次有趣的经历。在离开法国南部的一个小村庄后,我继续驶往下一个城镇。途中,一个青年人向我招手。我把车停下,他向我提出要求搭车。他一上 车,我就用法语向他问好,他也同样用法语回答我。除了个别几个单词外,我根本不会法语。旅途中我们谁也没讲话。就要到达那个镇时,那青年突然开了口,慢慢 地说道“你会讲英语吗?” 我很快了解到,他自己就是个英国人!

  【生词和短语】

  amusing adj. 好笑的,有趣的

  experience n. 经历

  wave v. 招手

  lift n. 搭便车

  reply v. 回答

  language n. 语言

  journey n. 旅行

【知识点讲解】

  1 experience

  用作名词,表示“经验”“体验”,是不可数名词;而表示“经历”“感受”,通常是可数名词。如:Experience is the best teacher.

  经验是最好的老师。

  表示做某事的经验,其后通常不接不定式,而接 in [of] doing sth。

  例如:He has had much experience in [of] this kind of work.

  他有丰富的经验做这项工作。

  比较:experiece in [of] teaching=teaching experience(教学经验)

  experience还可表示“体验”“经历”等,只用作及物动词。

  例句:The child had never experienced kindness.

  这孩子从未受过善待。

  词语扩展:experienced作形容词,表示有经验的。

  例句:He is an experienced teacher.

  他是一位经验丰富的老师。

  2 I drove on to the next town.

  我继续驶往下一个城镇。

  这个句子里的副词on有“继续地”“不停顿地”的意思。

  例句:He can work on without a break.

  他能不停地工作。

  3 on the way,在途中

  短语扩展:in a way in one way in some ways 在某种程度上

  under way 正在进行

  4 lift [名词]搭便车

  例句:I will give you a lift to the airport.

  我可以顺便送你去机场。

  lift还有很多意思,作动词时可表示举起,抬起。

  lift sb. /sth. up 将某人/某物抬起

  还可表示将某物从原地移开;(云、雾等)消散、消失,或是指偷窃某物,具体表达为lift sth. from sb. /sth.

  例句:He lifted the box.

  他举起了箱子。

  5 apart from,除了……以外,其后的宾语与下文要讲的事物均被包括。

  例句:Apart from having some cookies, he also had some juice for breakfast.

  除了曲奇外,他还喝了些果汁当早餐。

  6 After I had left a small village in the south of France, I drove on to the next town.

  在离开法国南部的一个小村庄后,我继续驶往下一个城镇。

  这个句子前半部分是一个过去完成时句子。过去完成时一般很少单独使用,它必须要有某个过去的动作作为时间的参照点。也就是说,一般涉及两件过去发生的事,一件事发生在另一件事之前,也就是我们常说的过去的过去。

  例句:When we arrived at the gym, the contest had finished.

  当我们到达体育馆时,比赛已经结束了。

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