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新概念英语第二册第十一课 One good turn deserves another

[日期:2017-06-21] [字体: ]
【课文】 
First listen and then answer the question. 
听录音,然后回答以下问题。 
Who paid for Tony's dinner? 

I was having dinner at a restaurant when Tony Steele came in. Tony worked in a lawyer's office years ago, but he is now working at a bank. He gets a good salary, but he always borrows money from his friends and never pays it back. Tony saw me and came and sat at the same table. He has never borrowed money from me. While he was eating, I asked him to lend me 20 pounds. To my surprise, he gave me the money immediately. 'I have never borrrowed any money from you,' Tony said,'so now you can pay for my dinner!' 

【课文翻译】 
我正在一家饭馆吃饭,托尼.斯蒂尔走了进来。托尼曾在又家律师事务所工作,而现在正在一家银行上班,他的薪水很高,但他却总是向朋友借钱,并且从来不还。托尼看见了我,就走过来和我坐到一张桌子前。他从未向我借过钱,但他吃饭时,我提出向他借20英镑。令我惊奇的是,他立刻把钱给了我。“我还未向你借过钱。”托尼说道,“所以现在你可以替我付饭钱了!” 

【生词和短语】
turn n. 行为,举止 
deserve v. 应得到,值得 
lawyer n. 律师 
bank n. 银行 
salary n. 工资 
immediately adv. 立刻 

【知识点讲解】 
1bank n. 银行 
bank在英语中有很多种意思,除了表示银行外,还可表示(贵重物品、信息等的)储库,以及河岸、坡地等。 
例如:My father works in a bank. 
我父亲在一家银行工作。 
Our school is located on the south bank of the river. 
我们的学校在河的南岸。 
短语扩展:bank blance 银行存款余额 
break the bank ①赌博赢的钱比庄家的赌本还多;②花费不起 
bank-book 银行存折 

bank还可作动词,表示将钱存进银行。 
例句:Where do you bank? 
你把钱存在哪一家银行? 
短语扩展:bank with sb. /sth. (在某银行中)有账户 
bank on sb. /sth. 寄希望于某人或某物 

2 salary [名词] 薪金,薪水 

salary、income、pay、wage几个词的区别 
salary是指非体力劳动者所得到的工资、薪水,通常按月,有时按季度或年结算,而且是指基本工作。
income是比较口语化的说法,表示总收入,既可用于个人,也可用于企业。 
pay是最一般的用语,是指针对劳动所支付的报酬,常可代替其他三个词。但pay也有其专用的场合,它特指军队里的“薪饷”。 
wage一般用以指按小时或按日计酬的工资,它发给的对象是蓝领阶级,即工厂或码头等地的工人。此字常用复数形式,尤其指个人收入的时候。 

例句:I received my salary for last month yesterday. 
昨天我领了上个月的工资。 
The total annual income of this family is 8000 yuan. 
这个家庭的年总收入是8000元。 

3 borrow v. (向某人)借某物;借用 
borrow、lend、keep、return、pay back等一系列跟借有关的词解析 
lend,borrow,keep的区别 我们在第二册第三课知识点里有提及到,今天我们再来复习看看。 
lend,borrow两者都可表示“借”,但是 borrow 指“借入”,而 lend 则指“借出”,两者其实是一对反义词,而不是同义词。如: 
I borrowed this book from the library. 
我从图书馆借到了这本书。 
He lent his dictionary to me. 
他把字典借给我。 
要表示“向某人借某物”,英语用borrow sth from sb,其中用介词from。 
要表示“把某物借给某人”,英语用lend sth to sb,其中用介词to。 
keep做“借”讲时,是延续性动词,通常表示借了某物多长时间,常与表示一段时间的时间状语连用。 
return与pay back意思相近,表示归还。 
例句:This outcast always borrows people's money without paying back. 
这个无赖总是借钱不还。 

4 immediately [副词]立即,马上;直接地;紧接地 
例句:On hearing the news, she went out immediatey. 
一听到这个消息,她就冲了出去。 

5 One good turn deserves another. 礼尚往来, 这是句谚语,意思是对别人的善意或帮助做出相应的回报。 

6 I was having dinner at a restaurant when Harry Steele came in. 
大家也许注意到了,这几课的课文都涉及到很多时态知识,有时过去时、现在时、进行时经常在同一篇课文中出现,大家可以多多复习之前的课文里提到的时态知识。 
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